Independence day, better known as 4th of July, is a federal holiday in the United States. It commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on 4th July, 1776 by the Continental Congress when thirteen colonies became the United States of America and stopped being part of the British Empire. The holiday is usually marked with big parades all over major cities, fireworks and all manner of celebrations. Many use this holiday to reconnect with family and friends by organising parties and different outings.
1. Independence was gained two days earlier on July 2nd, 1776. The Congress spent the two days debating and revising the Declaration of Independence before its signing.
2. Only a few members of Congress (if any) signed the Declaration of Independence on 4th July. According to historians, most of the signatories did not sign the Declaration until August 2nd, 1776.
3. The first draft by Thomas Jefferson was not in favor of slavery. Even though he owned slaves himself, Thomas Jefferson felt that slavery was against human rights. Delegates who owned slaves were opposed to freeing them and therefore the section did not make it to the final document.
4. over 150 million hotdogs are consumed on this day.
5. Three presidents namely, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and James Monroe died on this day.
6. Calvin Coolidge Jnr., the 30th president of the United States was born on this day.
7. Philippines and Rwanda also celebrate holidays on July 4th.
8. Most flags and fireworks used on this day were made in China.
9. The National Anthem lyrics were set from an official song for a British club.
The 4th of July weekend is usually a big holiday and most US residents know it just for the big parades and parties. There are more facts to this day than many realise! Happy Independence Day to all Americans and we pray for PEACE!
Everybody loves a good mystery. Whether it emanates from the pages of a dog-eared Agatha Christie novel or conspiracy theories conjured up by “experts”, there is no end to efforts being made to demystify phenomenon that plagued the earth now and in the past. One of the topics at the top of such a list would be about the long-lost island of Atlantis. Believed to be hidden by the expansive waters of our planet’s oceans, there have been numerous stories about the magical isle and morals that warn us about what could happen to the future of our generation if we were to meet a similar fateful end. Let’s revisit the mysteriously magical land of Atlantis and all its fabulous possibilities:
No one really knew of the existence of Atlantis until it was mentioned in the work of Plato – Timaeus and Critias – where the Atlantans attacked ancient Athens but failed to conquer, due to the latter’s “ideal state” and later fell out of favor with the gods that resulted in the land diving to the bottom of the ocean. He claimed that it existed some 9,000 years before his present day and that it was located beyond the Pillars of Hercules. Many other philosophers, especially from the Renaissance period referenced Atlantis, but only because Plato did it first. Most notable was in Thomas More’s Utopia.
Ever since the European lot traversed the world and discovered new lands, there was rife speculation among them about the existence of Atlantis. When they came upon the New World, they made the connection between the ancient Mayan civilization to that of the lost isle. The former disappeared suddenly, but the best part is that they left behind a rich heritage – complete with a calendar and huge pyramid-like structures that spoke of their religiously cult past. Though there isn’t any physical evidence of Atlantis, many believe it faced a similar fate to that of the Mayans.
There are many who believed and tried to convince others, that Atlantis is located in the Bermuda region. The Bermuda triangle itself has been at the centre of some of the most weirdest theories since it is said to have swallowed up many a missing ship and airplane alike. This region has been seldom explored and is avoided by travelers who prefer preserving their lives instead of delving into the mysteries of the deep. But anyhow, that’s crazy talk and doesn’t hold significance among the archaeological and scientific community.
Though there is no substantial evidence to prove any theorist either completely right or terrifically wrong, what we can learn about a land long lost but not forgotten, is that we need to preserve our own and that the way we seem to be currently polluting it means that we, too may find ourselves and heritage at the bottom of an ocean, never to be found again – merely a mystery to the annals of history.
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If you think that Guantanamo is hell on earth for criminals who are locked up for heinous crimes, you may swallow your words when you find out how those accused of committing a wrongful deed and asserted by the ruler came to meet their end. In short, inhumane is the word of the day. From maiming to boiling the perpetrator alive, there are the most shockingly creative ways that justice was apparently served. You will be glad to be living in modern times where being thrown in a jail with a tub of petroleum jelly is the most scary part of serving your sentence.
Sounds like a metal band, no? Well, this is no Iron Maiden, this is a medieval torture device known as the Judas Cradle. The victim was tied by the hands and legs and made to dangle above the pyramid-like structure. As the person fell asleep and his/her body began to relax, the tip would poke the genital area. This device was used for those who were accused of being against the Catholic church or following paganism. You wouldn’t get impaled altogether, but the slow force of the pyramid head would hurt the gentle human parts.
Game Of Thrones fans would be familiar with the scene where Arya Stark, Gendry and Podrick are locked up in Harrenhall and where she is picked up by Tywin Lannister to be her cup bearer, but not before she witnesses random prisoners being picked up for torture. One of the methods was the infamous rat torture. The person was made to sit with a bucket of rats tied to his/her stomach. The end of the bucket was slowly heated and the scurrying rats would literally gnaw their way out of the scalding bucket through the person’s abdomen, resulting in a scary death of torn guts.
Another horrifying and slow death was meted out through the Brazen Bull. As the name suggests, a hollow carved brass bull was placed over a fire and the victim shoved inside. As the bull heated up, the person would literally be roasted alive inside the bull, while tube fittings made their agonized screams sound like a raging bull. It is said that the creator met his end through his own invention, after he was craftily led to enter the bull by an appalled king who was justifiably shaken by the creation. However, many victims would later be led to their own heated fate in a similar way.
So, since we spoke about this earlier, we need to “Up The Irons!”. Here is another torture device made of nightmares: think, sealed in a spiked coffin. And no, it isn’t punk mummy art. A standing iron coffin shaped like a human was where the prisoner was led and then the coffin door would shut tight, causing the victim to be nearly suffocated in the small space, not to mention speared through in the front and back. It would take a while before the person bled out or ran out of oxygen, whichever happened first. Good news, if any, is that there is no sufficient evidence to suggest anyone was made to endure the maiden.
Braveheart comes to mind when one thinks of this method of torture. During the Medieval ages, the prisoner would be bound at both ends – the hands and legs and executioners would crank the ropes so that the victim’s limbs would be torn from their body in what would be a frightening way to die. Imagine the pain, suffocation and noise as you realized your own body was literally being torn apart.
We all know the modern water boarding torture maneuver by interrogators today. In the past as well, water was used to harm victims and lead them to a slow death, but not before going completely insane in the process. The Chinese, known for their twisted ways of meting out a painfully prolonged death, used to tie a victim’s head in a small box-like device and drops of cold water would one by one drop on to the top of the head. It slowly froze the person’s brain, but not before they went mad with the sensation.
It’s been 104 years since the unsinkable ship, Titanic, collided with an iceberg and met with a tragic fate. The incident that killed hundreds of people and stayed imprinted in our memories has inspired many things – James Cameron to make an Oscar-winning epic love story on the ship and a Titanic II being built and set for a voyage in 2018. However, there were many theories, stories, controversial topics and heartbreaking stories that emerged from the original “ship that even God cannot sink”. Let’s take a look at the Big Secrets From The “Unsinkable” Titanic:
If you saw the Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet flick (of course you did!) you would have noticed the scene where the band keeps playing Amazing Grace as a harrowed and jittery crowd tries to make its way to the lifeboats. Well, this happened in real life as well. While a priest stayed back to hear confessions and give the last rites to those bound to their fate in a watery grave, the orchestra played calming music to ease the tension in the air.
There was a chef of the Titanic who drank himself sorry after hearing about the largest ship ever built not making it to shore. But it looks like all that rum did him good because he was the only one who survived for 2 hours in the freezing Atlantic waters as his body temperature, coupled with the alcohol kept him warm. Let’s toast to that!
To say that the rich and privileged on the Titanic were a pompous bunch is an understatement – the lifeboats that were provided to them on priority were not filled to capacity and could have saved so many more passengers. Alas, their allergy to the poorer lot resulted in so many more deaths. There was also a drill before the maiden voyage to teach passengers how to use lifeboats, but that was cancelled for some random reason.
The infamous iceberg that caused the biggest tragedy for civilians at sea had been floating around since 1000BC. And as a matter of fact, it might still exist today. And it seems that if the captain had spotted the iceberg just 30 seconds earlier, they could have avoided the tragedy. The binoculars that would have helped were safely locked away and the keys were apparently lost.
And to speak again about the blockbuster movie by James Cameron – it won a total of 11 Oscars, though none for acting. The song My Heart Will Go On by French-Canadian singer, Celine Dion was favorited by every citizen of the earth – except for Kate Winslet who hated it and in typical British pomp said that she feels like vomiting when she hears it.
Have you ever wondered how food from commercials always look so fresh and juicy and when you see it in reality it represents a flattened piece of processed food? How do companies manage to advertise mouthwatering products but are unable to deliver in reality? Well, their secrets are hidden no more – we unveil the reality behind the illusion of good advertising and photography:
Cakes often look springy and fluffy for a very hard reason – there’s cardboard between the layers of sponge. The outer parts of the cake are then smothered with frosting and other delicious paraphernalia to give us a hankering for a sweet slice of dessert heaven.
Our favorite cookie, in good times and bad, Oreos has been there to keep company with our glass of milk. Though everyone loves the original biscuit sandwich – two dark chocolate cookies with a delicious vanilla cream in the centre – Oreos have come up with a long list of “Limited Edition” flavors that really puts other competitors to shame. All hail the Oreos Flavored Cookies. Which Of These Oreos Flavors Have You Tried?
The Filled Cupcake Oreo came with the regular two dark chocolate biscuits on the outside and chocolate on the inside, with white cream in the core. Though it does sound exciting, there were many saying that it tasted like a regular chocolate with vanilla Oreo and ultimately didn’t live up to its hype. But that’s a good idea in any case, no?
It’s always exciting to come across your doppelgänger and wonder how another ugly person is surviving in this vain world (LOL). They say that you have 7 look-alikes around the globe, and when it comes to Hollywood, that world is smaller than we would imagine. There are several stories of celebrities who find their regular-life doppelgängers who have to have to live in the shadows just because they resemble an attention-seeking celeb. But imagine if you were a celebrity in Hollywood and you had your doppelgänger in the same industry! Looks like tinsel town has it’s types. Check out these Celebrity Look-Alikes!
Jaime Pressly and Margot Robbie
Though one star is bigger than the other, there is no denying the uncanny similarity between Margot and a much-older Jaime. They are from different parts of the world even – Margot is from Australia, but damn, these beauties could easily be mistaken for the other any day!
When you were child (and even now as an adult) you may have loved your Spongebob Squarepants time on Nickelodeon. Bikini Bottom was the place to be! Though many cartoons have come and gone, Spongebob Squarepants remains the cartoon love of many people. Here we give you 5 Fun Facts You Didn’t Know About Spongebob Squarepants. Prepare to be amazed!
Krusty Krab is the joint of Bikini Bottom that serves up Kelp Fries and Krabby Patties. What are the patties made of btw? No, you don’t get cows down there, and munching on something fishy would mean that Spongebob and company were cannibalistic! So, when the creators were asked the secret ingredients, it was revealed that they are actually Vegetarian! PETA must be so proud of Mr. Krabs! Also, the shape of Krusty Krab resembles a lobster trap from Maine! Creative, isn’t it?!